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Mughal Emperor Shahjahan: MCQ (100) Question and Answer

Mughal Emperor Shahjahan

 Shahjahan

Here are 100 multiple-choice questions and answers on the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan:

1. What was the birth name of Shah Jahan?

   a) Khurram

   b) Shahab-ud-din

   c) Jahangir

   d) Akbar


Answer: a) Khurram


2. In which year did Shah Jahan ascend to the Mughal throne?

   a) 1615

   b) 1628

   c) 1631

   d) 1658


Answer: c) 1631


3. Who was the mother of Shah Jahan?

   a) Jodha Bai

   b) Noor Jahan

   c) Mumtaz Mahal

   d) Hamida Banu Begum


Answer: c) Mumtaz Mahal


4. Shah Jahan is best known for building which iconic monument?

   a) Red Fort

   b) Fatehpur Sikri

   c) Taj Mahal

   d) Humayun's Tomb


Answer: c) Taj Mahal


5. Which city did Shah Jahan choose as the new capital of the Mughal Empire?

   a) Lahore

   b) Agra

   c) Delhi

   d) Jaipur


Answer: c) Delhi


6. Shah Jahan built the Peacock Throne, which was adorned with precious stones. Which gemstone was most prominent on the throne?

   a) Ruby

   b) Diamond

   c) Emerald

   d) Sapphire


Answer: a) Ruby


7. Who was Shah Jahan's favorite wife and the inspiration behind the Taj Mahal?

   a) Jodha Bai

   b) Noor Jahan

   c) Mumtaz Mahal

   d) Roshanara Begum


Answer: c) Mumtaz Mahal


8. Which Mughal emperor was Shah Jahan's father?

   a) Babur

   b) Humayun

   c) Akbar

   d) Jahangir


Answer: d) Jahangir


9. Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his own son. Which son was responsible for his imprisonment?

   a) Aurangzeb

   b) Dara Shikoh

   c) Bahadur Shah I

   d) Shah Alam II


Answer: a) Aurangzeb


10. Shah Jahan's reign is often referred to as the "Golden Age" of which dynasty?

    a) Maurya Dynasty

    b) Gupta Dynasty

    c) Mughal Dynasty

    d) Chola Dynasty


Answer: c) Mughal Dynasty


11. Shah Jahan built many architectural marvels during his reign. Which of the following is NOT attributed to him?

    a) Jama Masjid

    b) Shalimar Gardens

    c) Diwan-i-Khas

    d) Lal Qila


Answer: b) Shalimar Gardens


12. Which Mughal emperor was Shah Jahan's immediate successor?

    a) Aurangzeb

    b) Jahandar Shah

    c) Bahadur Shah I

    d) Alamgir II


Answer: a) Aurangzeb


13. The construction of the Taj Mahal began in which year?

    a) 1605

    b) 1628

    c) 1631

    d) 1652


Answer: c) 1631


14. Which gemstone was used in abundance for the inlay work of the Taj Mahal?

    a) Emerald

    b) Sapphire

    c) Jade

    d) Jasper


Answer: b) Sapphire


15. What was the original name of the Taj Mahal?

    a) Qila-i-Mubarak

    b) Rauza-i-Munawwara

    c) Mumtaz Mahal

    d) Rohtas Fort


Answer: b) Rauza-i-Munawwara


16. In which city is the Red Fort located, which was built by Shah Jahan?

    a) Lahore

    b) Agra

    c) Delhi

    d) Jaipur


Answer: c) Delhi


17. Which two rivers flank the city of Agra, where the Taj Mahal is located?

    a) Ganges and Yamuna

    b) Indus and Jhelum

    c) Godavari and Krishna

    d) Tapti and Narmada


Answer: a) Ganges and Yamuna


18. The Taj Mahal is primarily built using which architectural style?

    a) Persian

    b) Ottoman

    c) Mughal

    d) Rajput


Answer: a) Persian


19. How many minarets surround the Taj Mahal?

    a) 1

    b) 2

    c) 4

    d) 8


Answer: c) 4


20. Shah Jahan was known for his patronage of which art form?

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Sculpture

    c) Calligraphy

    d) Dance


Answer: c) Calligraphy


21. Which architectural marvel in Delhi was built by Shah Jahan to serve as his private audience hall?

    a) Diwan-i-Khas

    b) Diwan-i-Am

    c) Sheesh Mahal

    d) Jahangir Mahal


Answer: a) Diwan-i-Khas


22. Shah Jahan's reign witnessed the completion of which monumental mosque in Delhi?

    a) Jama Masjid

    b) Nizamuddin Dargah

    c) Hazrat Qutub Sahib Dargah

    d) Feroz Shah Kotla


Answer: a) Jama Masjid


23. Which fort was constructed by Shah Jahan in Lahore, Pakistan?

    a) Red Fort

    b) Lahore Fort

    c) Agra Fort

    d) Shalimar Fort


Answer: b) Lahore Fort


24. The construction of the Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar, Kashmir, was commissioned by Shah Jahan. Which Mughal garden does it resemble?

    a) Nishat Bagh

    b) Shalamar Gardens, Lahore

    c) Brindavan Gardens

    d) Pinjore Gardens


Answer: a) Nishat Bagh


25. Shah Jahan's reign is associated with the establishment of a new Mughal architectural style. What is it called?

    a) Indo-Islamic

    b) Rajput-Mughal

    c) Persian-Mughal

    d) Deccan-Mughal


Answer: c) Persian-Mughal


26. The construction of which city began during Shah Jahan's reign and was completed by his son Aurangzeb?

    a) Fatehpur Sikri

    b) Jaipur

    c) Agra

    d) Hyderabad


Answer: d) Hyderabad


27. What was the name of Shah Jahan's eldest son, who was initially considered his heir?

    a) Aurangzeb

    b) Dara Shikoh

    c) Bahadur Shah I

    d) Jahandar Shah


Answer: b) Dara Shikoh


28. The Taj Mahal is dedicated to the memory of Shah Jahan's wife. How many years did it take to complete its construction?

    a) 10

    b) 15

    c) 20

    d) 25


Answer: c) 20


29. Which precious gemstone was used for the finial of the Taj Mahal?

    a) Sapphire

    b) Emerald

    c) Diamond

    d) Amethyst


Answer: b) Emerald


30. What was the name of Shah Jahan's daughter, who was an accomplished poetess and was imprisoned by Aurangzeb?

    a) Jahanara Begum

    b) Roshanara Begum

    c) Zeb-un-Nisa

    d) Nadira Banu Begum


Answer: c) Zeb-un-Nisa


31. Shah Jahan introduced a new silver coin during his reign. What was it called?

    a) Mohur

    b) Rupiya

    c) Dam

    d) Tanka


Answer: b) Rupiya


32. Which famous Persian poet was appointed as Shah Jahan's court poet?

    a) Mirza Ghalib

    b) Amir Khusrau

    c) Faiz Ahmed Faiz

    d) Mir Taqi Mir


Answer: b) Amir Khusrau


33. Which famous diamond, currently part of the British Crown Jewels, was owned by Shah Jahan before it was seized by the British?

    a) Hope Diamond

    b) Koh-i-Noor

    c) Orlov Diamond

    d) Cullinan Diamond


Answer: b) Koh-i-Noor


34. Shah Jahan's rule saw significant advancements in which field of science?

    a) Astronomy

    b) Medicine

    c) Chemistry

    d) Physics


Answer: a) Astronomy


35. Which European traveler visited Shah Jahan's court and wrote extensively about Mughal India in his travelogue?

    a) Marco Polo

    b) Ibn Battuta

    c) Vasco da Gama

    d) Niccolò Machiavelli


Answer: a) Marco Polo


36. What was the primary religion of Shah Jahan's court?

    a) Islam

    b) Hinduism

    c) Sikhism

    d) Buddhism


Answer: a) Islam


37. Shah Jahan built the city of Shahjahanabad, which later became known as:

    a) Mumbai

    b) Delhi

    c) Lahore

    d) Kolkata


Answer: b) Delhi


38. Shah Jahan's reign witnessed the expansion of Mughal territories in which direction?

    a) North

    b) South

    c) East

    d) West


Answer: c) East


39. Which architectural feature of the Taj Mahal symbolizes the gateway to paradise?

    a) Dome

    b) Minaret

    c) Arch

    d) Garden


Answer: b) Minaret


40. Shah Jahan commissioned the translation of which ancient Hindu text into Persian during his reign?

    a) Mahabharata

    b) Ramayana

    c) Bhagavad Gita

    d) Rigveda


Answer: b) Ramayana


41. Which city served as the Mughal capital before Shah Jahan moved it to Delhi?

    a) Agra

    b) Lahore

    c) Jaipur

    d) Fatehpur Sikri


Answer: d) Fatehpur Sikri


42. Who served as the chief architect of the Taj Mahal?

    a) Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

    b) Ustad Isa

    c) Ustad Hamid

    d) Ustad Mirza Ghiyas


Answer: a) Ustad Ahmad Lahauri


43. Shah Jahan's reign is often referred to as the "Diamond Age" due to his fondness for which precious gemstone?

    a) Ruby

    b) Diamond

    c) Emerald

    d) Amethyst


Answer: b) Diamond


44. Which important Mughal administrative post did Shah Jahan create during his reign?

    a) Diwan-i-Wazarat

    b) Mir Bakshi

    c) Qazi-ul-Quzat

    d) Wazir-e-Ala


Answer: b) Mir Bakshi


45. Shah Jahan's rule saw the growth of which form of poetry that became popular in the Mughal court?

    a) Ghazal

    b) Sonnet

    c) Haiku

    d) Ballad


Answer: a) Ghazal


46. Which Mughal emperor succeeded Shah Jahan after his death?

    a) Aurangzeb

    b) Bahadur Shah I

    c) Alamgir II

    d) Muhammad Shah


Answer: a) Aurangzeb


47. Shah Jahan's reign witnessed the construction of which famous astronomical observatory in Delhi?

    a) Jantar Mantar

    b) Nila Gumbad

    c) Qutub Minar

    d) Buland Darwaza


Answer: a) Jantar Mantar


48. Which famous historical figure was a contemporary of Shah Jahan?

    a) Alexander the Great

    b) Julius Caesar

    c) Genghis Khan

    d) Queen Elizabeth I


Answer: c) Genghis Khan


49. The construction of the Shalimar Bagh in Srinagar, Kashmir, was commissioned by Shah Jahan. Which Mughal garden does it resemble?

    a) Nishat Bagh

    b) Shalamar Gardens, Lahore

    c) Brindavan Gardens

    d) Pinjore Gardens


Answer: a) Nishat Bagh


50. Which architectural feature of the Red Fort in Delhi is associated with the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan?

    a) Moti Masjid

    b) Rang Mahal

    c) Diwan-i-Khas

    d) Hayat Bakhsh Bagh


Answer: c) Diwan-i-Khas


51. The construction of which grand mosque in Lahore was started by Shah Jahan but completed by his son Aurangzeb?

    a) Badshahi Mosque

    b) Wazir Khan Mosque

    c) Sunehri Mosque

    d) Masjid-e-Zeb-un-Nisa


Answer: a) Badshahi Mosque


52. Which Mughal emperor was born to Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal?

    a) Bahadur Shah I

    b) Muhammad Shah

    c) Aurangzeb

    d) Alamgir II


Answer: c) Aurangzeb


53. Shah Jahan built a white marble mausoleum in memory of his father. What is it called?

    a) Humayun's Tomb

    b) Safdarjung's Tomb

    c) Akbar's Tomb

    d) Sher Shah Suri's Tomb


Answer: a) Humayun's Tomb


54. Which famous Mughal garden in Delhi was commissioned by Shah Jahan and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

    a) Shalimar Bagh

    b) Nishat Bagh

    c) Mehtab Bagh

    d) Roshanara Bagh


Answer: c) Mehtab Bagh


55. What was the name of the fort built by Shah Jahan in Agra, which served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors?

    a) Red Fort

    b) Agra Fort

    c) Jaipur Fort

    d) Golconda Fort


Answer: b) Agra Fort


56. Shah Jahan established a new city, Shahjahanabad, in which present-day country?

    a) India

    b) Pakistan

    c) Bangladesh

    d) Afghanistan


Answer: a) India


57. Which famous Mughal general and noble served as Shah Jahan's prime minister?

    a) Mir Jumla

    b) Raja Man Singh

    c) Asaf Khan

    d) Raja Todar Mal


Answer: c) Asaf Khan


58. Shah Jahan's reign is known for its remarkable achievements in which form of Mughal art?

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Sculpture

    c) Calligraphy

    d) Tapestry


Answer: a) Miniature painting


59. What was the primary language of Shah Jahan's court?

    a) Persian

    b) Urdu

    c) Hindi

    d) Arabic


Answer: a) Persian


60. Which Mughal emperor was born during Shah Jahan's reign?

    a) Bahadur Shah I

    b) Muhammad Shah

    c) Alamgir II

    d) Shah Alam II


Answer: a) Bahadur Shah I


61. Which European power established trade relations with the Mughal Empire during Shah Jahan's rule?

    a) British East India Company

    b) Dutch East India Company

    c) French East India Company

    d) Portuguese East India Company


Answer: b) Dutch East India Company


62. Shah Jahan's reign is associated with the flourishing of which form of Mughal literature?

    a) Persian poetry

    b) Urdu poetry

    c) Sanskrit literature

    d) Tamil literature


Answer: a) Persian poetry


63. Shah Jahan's love for architecture and construction was greatly influenced by which historical figure?

    a) Akbar the Great

    b) Ashoka the Great

    c) Chandragupta Maurya

    d) Harsha Vardhana


Answer: a) Akbar the Great


64. Which famous diamond, known as the "Great Table Diamond," was owned by Shah Jahan before it was lost?

    a) Hope Diamond

    b) Koh-i-Noor

    c) Orlov Diamond

    d) Cullinan Diamond


Answer: a) Hope Diamond


65. Which event marked the end of Shah Jahan's reign?

    a) His assassination

    b) His abdication

    c) His imprisonment

    d) His death


Answer: d) His death


66. Shah Jahan's reign is known for its splendid court culture and luxurious lifestyle influenced by the Persian:

    a) Safavid Empire

    b) Ottoman Empire

    c) Achaemenid Empire

    d) Sasanian Empire


Answer: a) Safavid Empire


67. The construction of which grand mosque in Delhi was started by Shah Jahan but completed by his son Aurangzeb?

    a) Jama Masjid

    b) Moti Masjid

    c) Fatehpuri Masjid

    d) Sunni Jama Masjid


Answer: a) Jama Masjid


68. What was the main material used in the construction of the Red Fort in Delhi?

    a) Red sandstone

    b) Marble

    c) Limestone

    d) Granite


Answer: a) Red sandstone


69. Shah Jahan built the Diwan-i-Am, which served as the public audience hall. What was its purpose?

    a) Judicial proceedings

    b) Royal banquets

    c) Public gatherings

    d) Royal coronations


Answer: c) Public gatherings


70. Shah Jahan's reign is often described as the peak of Mughal:

    a) Military power

    b) Art and architecture

    c) Economic prosperity

    d) Political stability


Answer: b) Art and architecture


71. Which famous Persian poet wrote a collection of poems dedicated to Shah Jahan's son, Dara Shikoh?

    a) Mirza Ghalib

    b) Amir Khusrau

    c) Saadi Shirazi

    d) Hafez Shirazi


Answer: c) Saadi Shirazi


72. Shah Jahan introduced a new administrative rank in the Mughal Empire. What was it called?

    a) Nawab

    b) Khan

    c) Amir

    d) Sardar


Answer: b) Khan


73. The construction of the Taj Mahal required the labor of how many workers and artisans?

    a) 10,000

    b) 20,000

    c) 30,000

    d) 40,000


Answer: c) 30,000


74. Shah Jahan's reign is associated with the establishment of a new Mughal painting style. What is it called?

    a) Pahari painting

    b) Deccani painting

    c) Rajput painting

    d) Mughal miniature painting


Answer: d) Mughal miniature painting


75. Shah Jahan's reign saw the decline of which important Mughal institution?

    a) Mansabdari system

    b) Jagirdari system

    c) Zamindari system

    d) Sufi order


Answer: a) Mansabdari system


76. Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of a grand market in Delhi. What is it called?

    a) Chandni Chowk

    b) Meena Bazaar

    c) Khari Baoli

    d) Kinari Bazaar


Answer: a) Chandni Chowk


77. What was the primary purpose of Shah Jahan's construction of the Red Fort in Delhi?

    a) Royal residence

    b) Military defense

    c) Administrative center

    d) Cultural center


Answer: a) Royal residence


78. Shah Jahan's reign is often referred to as the "Peacock Throne Era" due to the construction of a lavish throne adorned with:

    a) Diamonds

    b) Emeralds

    c) Rubies

    d) Sapphires


Answer: a) Diamonds


79. Which famous historical figure visited Shah Jahan's court and stayed there for several months, leaving a significant impact on Mughal culture?

    a) Sir Thomas Roe

    b) Christopher Columbus

    c) Ibn Battuta

    d) Rabindranath Tagore


Answer: a) Sir Thomas Roe


80. Shah Jahan's reign witnessed the establishment of a Mughal trading post in which present-day country?



    a) Sri Lanka

    b) Maldives

    c) Singapore

    d) Myanmar


Answer: b) Maldives


81. Which Mughal emperor was responsible for the imprisonment and subsequent death of Shah Jahan?

    a) Aurangzeb

    b) Bahadur Shah I

    c) Alamgir II

    d) Muhammad Shah


Answer: a) Aurangzeb


82. Shah Jahan's rule saw the flourishing of which form of Mughal music?

    a) Qawwali

    b) Dhrupad

    c) Thumri

    d) Ghazal


Answer: b) Dhrupad


83. What was the name of the war in which Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb defeated his brothers and seized power?

    a) Battle of Buxar

    b) Battle of Plassey

    c) War of Succession

    d) Battle of Panipat


Answer: c) War of Succession


84. Shah Jahan's patronage of architecture extended beyond the Taj Mahal. Which famous mosque in Lahore was also commissioned by him?

    a) Badshahi Mosque

    b) Wazir Khan Mosque

    c) Shahi Masjid

    d) Sunehri Mosque


Answer: a) Badshahi Mosque


85. Which important administrative post did Shah Jahan establish to oversee the functioning of the royal household?

    a) Diwan-i-Wazarat

    b) Mir Bakshi

    c) Qazi-ul-Quzat

    d) Wazir-e-Ala


Answer: b) Mir Bakshi


86. Shah Jahan's reign is known for its emphasis on the art of:

    a) Carpet weaving

    b) Pottery

    c) Metalwork

    d) Calligraphy


Answer: d) Calligraphy


87. What was the name of the rebellion led by Shah Jahan's son Dara Shikoh against Aurangzeb's succession?

    a) Battle of Plassey

    b) Battle of Buxar

    c) Battle of Samugarh

    d) Battle of Haldighati


Answer: c) Battle of Samugarh


88. Shah Jahan built a grand mosque in Delhi known as Jama Masjid. Who served as the chief architect of the mosque?

    a) Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

    b) Ustad Isa

    c) Ustad Hamid

    d) Ustad Mirza Ghiyas


Answer: a) Ustad Ahmad Lahauri


89. Shah Jahan's reign saw the construction of which famous market in Delhi, known for its jewelry and precious gems?

    a) Chandni Chowk

    b) Meena Bazaar

    c) Khari Baoli

    d) Kinari Bazaar


Answer: b) Meena Bazaar


90. What was the name of Shah Jahan's eldest daughter, who played an influential role in his court and administration?

    a) Jahanara Begum

    b) Roshanara Begum

    c) Zeb-un-Nisa

    d) Nadira Banu Begum


Answer: a) Jahanara Begum


91. Shah Jahan's reign saw the establishment of a royal library known as:

    a) Maktab Khana

    b) Kitab Khana

    c) Raza Library

    d) Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library


Answer: a) Maktab Khana


92. Shah Jahan was known for his patronage of which form of Mughal dance?

    a) Kathak

    b) Bharatanatyam

    c) Odissi

    d) Manipuri


Answer: a) Kathak


93. Which famous historical figure was a contemporary of Shah Jahan?

    a) Akbar the Great

    b) Alexander the Great

    c) Ashoka the Great

    d) Harsha Vardhana


Answer: a) Akbar the Great


94. Shah Jahan's reign saw the decline of which important Mughal institution?

    a) Mansabdari system

    b) Jagirdari system

    c) Zamindari system

    d) Sufi order


Answer: a) Mansabdari system


95. Shah Jahan's reign is often referred to as the "Peacock Throne Era" due to the construction of a lavish throne adorned with:

    a) Diamonds

    b) Emeralds

    c) Rubies

    d) Sapphires


Answer: a) Diamonds


96. Which famous Persian poet wrote a collection of poems dedicated to Shah Jahan's son, Dara Shikoh?

    a) Mirza Ghalib

    b) Amir Khusrau

    c) Saadi Shirazi

    d) Hafez Shirazi


Answer: c) Saadi Shirazi


97. Shah Jahan introduced a new administrative rank in the Mughal Empire. What was it called?

    a) Nawab

    b) Khan

    c) Amir

    d) Sardar


Answer: b) Khan


98. The construction of which grand mosque in Delhi was started by Shah Jahan but completed by his son Aurangzeb?

    a) Jama Masjid

    b) Moti Masjid

    c) Fatehpuri Masjid

    d) Sunni Jama Masjid


Answer: a) Jama Masjid


99. Shah Jahan's rule is often referred to as the "Silver Age" of Mughal art and architecture due to his patronage of:

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Sculpture

    c) Calligraphy

    d) Textile weaving


Answer: a) Miniature painting


100. Shah Jahan's reign is known for its emphasis on the art of:

    a) Carpet weaving

    b) Pottery

    c) Metalwork

    d) Calligraphy


Answer: d) Calligraphy


These 100 multiple-choice questions and answers cover various aspects of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's life, reign, architectural achievements, and cultural contributions.

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