Chalukya, Pallava, Pandyas All Notes

Chalukya, Pallava, Pandyas

▪ 600 AD: 3 Main Kingdoms in South: Chalukya (Badami); Pallava (Kanchi); Pandyas (Madurai)
Primary Language : Sanskrit
▪ Rise of agrarian economy + No megaliths + Decline in trade
▪ Numerous grants were made to Brahamanas
▪ Marked by beginning of construction of stone temple of Vishnu & Shiva
▪ Jainism was confined to Maharashtra

Chalukyas of Badami

▪ Northern Maharashtra → Vakatas (Brahamanas) Succeded Satavahanas
▪ Vakatas were Succeeded by Chalukyas of Badami (Vatapi)
▪ Chalukyas of Badami claimed their descendent from Moon/Manu/Brahma
▪ Capital → Badami (Vatapi) at Bijapur (Karnataka)

Greatest Ruler → Pulakeshin 2
▪ Aihole inscription by Ravikriti in sanskrit
▪ Defeated Harshas Army advancing in Deccan on banks of Narmada

Architecture by Chalukyas

▪ Developed Deccan/ Vesara style Temples
▪ Developed Papanatha & Virupaksha Pattadakal (City of famous 10 temples)


▪ Eastern Peninsula → Ikshvakus (Suryavansh) Succeeded Satavahans
▪ Ikshvakus were succeeded by Pallavas
▪ Pallavas were called “ Creeper/ Tondai / Robbers)
▪ Capital → Kanchipuram
▪ Conflict with kadambas (Founded by Mayurasharman : Capital → Vaijayanti)

Great Pallava Ruler → Narasimhavarman

▪ Defeated Pulakeshin 2
▪ Occupied Vatapi & entitled Vatapikonda
▪ Founded Port city of Mahabalipuram (Now Mamallapuram)

Pallavas Dravidian Style Temples.
7 Ratha temple Mahabalipuram Rock cut
Shore Temple Mahabalipuram Free standing
Vaikuntha Perumal Mahabalipuram Free standing
Kailashnath Temple Kanchipuram Free standing

Conflict with Kalbhras

▪ Pallavas, Chalukyas & Kadambas → All 3 were brahamans
▪ Followed brahamanism with vedic sacrifices
▪ Made numerous land grants to Brahamanas Kalbhras Patronised Buddhism & Buddhist monasteries
Land grants to brahamanas led to revolt of Kalbhras mainly to put an end to Brahamadeya right to Brahamanas
Rural Structure

Generally 3 types of villages, namely Ur, Sabha & Nagaram

Inhabited by peasants who held their land in common & village headman collected tax & paid on everyone’s behalf

→ Brahamdeya or land granted to Brahamanas (Agrahara villages)

Inhabited by merchants & traders
In Chalukya kingdom rural affairs were managed by village elders known as “Mahajana”

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