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Mughal Emperor Akbar: MCQ (100) Question and Answer

 Mughal Emperor Akbar

Here are 100 multiple-choice questions and answers about Mughal Emperor Akbar: Use our Translate ☝️ Tool for regional languages.

1. Akbar was born in which year?

   a) 1501

   b) 1542

   c) 1562

   d) 1592

   

   Answer: b) 1542


2. Which dynasty did Akbar belong to?

   a) Gupta dynasty

   b) Maurya dynasty

   c) Mughal dynasty

   d) Chola dynasty

   

   Answer: c) Mughal dynasty


3. Akbar succeeded his father as the Mughal Emperor at the age of:

   a) 14

   b) 18

   c) 21

   d) 25

   

   Answer: a) 14


4. Who served as Akbar's regent during his early years as emperor?

   a) Bairam Khan

   b) Birbal

   c) Tansen

   d) Man Singh

   

   Answer: a) Bairam Khan


5. Which battle marked Akbar's decisive victory over Hemu, the Hindu king of Delhi?

   a) Battle of Haldighati

   b) Battle of Panipat

   c) Battle of Plassey

   d) Battle of Chausa

   

   Answer: b) Battle of Panipat


6. Akbar introduced a land revenue system known as:

   a) Zamindari system

   b) Mansabdari system

   c) Jagirdari system

   d) Kankut system

   

   Answer: b) Mansabdari system


7. Which of the following forts was not built by Akbar?

   a) Agra Fort

   b) Fatehpur Sikri

   c) Red Fort (Delhi)

   d) Chittorgarh Fort

   

   Answer: d) Chittorgarh Fort


8. Akbar was a patron of which artistic style?

   a) Persian miniature painting

   b) Renaissance art

   c) Baroque architecture

   d) Chinese calligraphy

   

   Answer: a) Persian miniature painting


9. Akbar's policy of religious tolerance was known as:

   a) Sufism

   b) Din-i-Ilahi

   c) Syncretism

   d) Zoroastrianism

   

   Answer: b) Din-i-Ilahi


10. Akbar abolished the controversial tax known as:

    a) Jizya

    b) Zakat

    c) Kharaj

    d) Sair

    

    Answer: a) Jizya


11. Which Rajput princess did Akbar marry to form a political alliance?

    a) Jodha Bai

    b) Nur Jahan

    c) Mumtaz Mahal

    d) Rani Padmini

    

    Answer: a) Jodha Bai


12. Akbar's famous Navaratna (Nine Jewels) included all of the following except:

    a) Birbal

    b) Todar Mal

    c) Tansen

    d) Chand Bibi

    

    Answer: d) Chand Bibi


13. Akbar's tomb is located in which city?

    a) Delhi

    b) Agra

    c) Fatehpur Sikri

    d) Lahore

    

    Answer: b) Agra


14. The famous historian who wrote "Akbarnama" was:

    a) Rumi

    b) Ibn Battuta

    c) Al-Biruni

    d) Abul Fazl

    

    Answer: d) Abul Fazl


15. Akbar's fascination with music led him to create a new musical instrument called:

    a) Sitar

    b) Tabla

    c) Veena

    d) Tansen

    

    Answer: a) Sitar


16. Akbar's policy of recruiting talented individuals irrespective of their religion or caste was called:

    a) Rajputana policy

    b) Mansabdari policy

    c) Sulh-e-Kul

    d) Dhimmah system

    

    Answer: c) Sulh-e-Kul


17. The famous painter Basawan was associated with the Mughal court during the reign of:

    a) Babur

    b) Humayun

    c) Akbar

    d) Jahangir

    

    Answer: c) Akbar


18. Akbar's military campaigns extended Mughal rule into which part of India?

    a) Deccan plateau

    b) Kashmir valley

    c) Bengal region

    d) Gujarat

    

    Answer: a) Deccan plateau


19. Akbar's famous library, known as the "House of Wisdom," was called:

    a) Red Fort Library

    b) Bait-ul-Hikmat

    c) Shalimar Bagh

    d) Ibadat Khana

    

    Answer: b) Bait-ul-Hikmat


20. Akbar was succeeded by his son, who became the next Mughal Emperor. What was his name?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Bahadur Shah Zafar

    

    Answer: a) Jahangir


21. Akbar's military campaigns in the northwest of India led to the annexation of which kingdom?

    a) Vijayanagara

    b) Marwar

    c) Kalinga

    d) Bengal

    

    Answer: b) Marwar


22. The famous musician Tansen was a courtier of Akbar. Which style of classical music did he excel in?

    a) Hindustani classical

    b) Carnatic classical

    c) Qawwali

    d) Ghazal

    

    Answer: a) Hindustani classical


23. Akbar introduced a system of standardized weights and measures known as:

    a) Rupiya system

    b) Tola system

    c) Maund system

    d) Dam system

    

    Answer: c) Maund system


24. Which Rajput kingdom put up the strongest resistance against Akbar's expansionist policies?

    a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)

    b) Amber (Jaipur)

    c) Marwar (Jodhpur)

    d) Bundi

    

    Answer: a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)


25. Akbar's birthplace, where he spent his early childhood, is located in present-day:

    a) Afghanistan

    b) Iran

    c) Pakistan

    d) Uzbekistan

    

    Answer: a) Afghanistan


26. Which European traveler visited Akbar's court and wrote about his experiences in the book "A Journey to the East"?

    a) Marco Polo

    b) Niccolò Machiavelli

    c) François Bernier

    d) Ibn Battuta

    

    Answer: c) François Bernier


27. Akbar's efforts to promote trade and commerce were facilitated by the construction of which canal?

    a) Indira Gandhi Canal

    b) Sutlej-Yamuna Link Canal

    c) Ganges Canal

    d) Nahar-i-Bisutun

    

    Answer


: d) Nahar-i-Bisutun


28. Akbar's policy of granting land revenue rights to Zamindars was aimed at:

    a) Consolidating power in the hands of the nobility

    b) Promoting agriculture and increasing revenue collection

    c) Reducing the influence of regional kingdoms

    d) Encouraging the growth of urban centers

    

    Answer: b) Promoting agriculture and increasing revenue collection


29. Which famous Sanskrit text was translated into Persian under Akbar's patronage?

    a) Mahabharata

    b) Ramayana

    c) Bhagavad Gita

    d) Arthashastra

    

    Answer: b) Ramayana


30. Akbar's famous minister Birbal was known for his wit and intelligence. What was his original name?

    a) Mahesh Das

    b) Raja Todar Mal

    c) Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    d) Man Singh

    

    Answer: a) Mahesh Das


31. Akbar's policy of appointing Rajput nobles to important administrative and military positions was known as:

    a) Rajputana integration

    b) Rajputana alliance

    c) Rajputana policy

    d) Rajputana assimilation

    

    Answer: c) Rajputana policy


32. The construction of the famous Buland Darwaza was commissioned by Akbar after his victory in which region?

    a) Deccan

    b) Punjab

    c) Gujarat

    d) Bengal

    

    Answer: a) Deccan


33. Akbar's fascination with astronomy led to the establishment of which observatory?

    a) Jantar Mantar (Jaipur)

    b) Janaki Mandir (Janakpur)

    c) Jantar Mantar (Delhi)

    d) Jantar Mantar (Ujjain)

    

    Answer: c) Jantar Mantar (Delhi)


34. Akbar's policy of promoting the use of Persian as the court language was influenced by which previous ruler?

    a) Sher Shah Suri

    b) Humayun

    c) Babur

    d) Ibrahim Lodi

    

    Answer: a) Sher Shah Suri


35. Akbar was known for his patronage of which Sufi saint who became his spiritual mentor?

    a) Sheikh Salim Chishti

    b) Sheikh Nizamuddin Auliya

    c) Moinuddin Chishti

    d) Fariduddin Ganjshakar

    

    Answer: a) Sheikh Salim Chishti


36. Akbar's policy of granting religious freedom to all his subjects was influenced by the teachings of which Sufi saint?

    a) Kabir

    b) Chishti

    c) Rumi

    d) Nanak

    

    Answer: b) Chishti


37. Akbar's famous "Ibadat Khana" (House of Worship) was a place where he held discussions with scholars of different religions. It was located in:

    a) Fatehpur Sikri

    b) Agra

    c) Lahore

    d) Delhi

    

    Answer: a) Fatehpur Sikri


38. Akbar introduced a new calendar known as the:

    a) Hijri calendar

    b) Bengali calendar

    c) Gregorian calendar

    d) Jalali calendar

    

    Answer: d) Jalali calendar


39. Which city did Akbar make the capital of the Mughal Empire after moving from Agra?

    a) Lahore

    b) Delhi

    c) Fatehpur Sikri

    d) Jaipur

    

    Answer: c) Fatehpur Sikri


40. Akbar's educational reforms included the establishment of which institution to promote Persian language and literature?

    a) Madrasa

    b) Darul Uloom

    c) Takshashila

    d) Maktabs

    

    Answer: d) Maktabs


41. Akbar's policy of granting land as a reward for military service was known as:

    a) Jagirdari system

    b) Iqta system

    c) Zamindari system

    d) Raiyatwari system

    

    Answer: a) Jagirdari system


42. The famous Rajput warrior Rana Pratap Singh was a prominent opponent of Akbar and ruled the kingdom of:

    a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)

    b) Marwar (Jodhpur)

    c) Amber (Jaipur)

    d) Bundi

    

    Answer: a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)


43. Akbar's interest in mystical and philosophical discussions led to the formation of a group known as:

    a) Majlis-e-Mushawarat

    b) Majlis-e-Khas

    c) Majlis-e-Ulema

    d) Majlis-e-Ittehad

    

    Answer: b) Majlis-e-Khas


44. Akbar's policy of granting autonomy to regional governors was aimed at:

    a) Consolidating power in the hands of the emperor

    b) Encouraging regional development and administration

    c) Controlling the power of the nobility

    d) Weakening the power of the Zamindars

    

    Answer: c) Controlling the power of the nobility


45. Akbar's famous elephant named "Hiran" was known for its:

    a) Size and strength

    b) Intelligence and loyalty

    c) Speed and agility

    d) Beauty and grace

    

    Answer: b) Intelligence and loyalty


46. Akbar's court was known for its cultural diversity. Which of the following was not a prominent language spoken at his court?

    a) Persian

    b) Arabic

    c) Urdu

    d) Sanskrit

    

    Answer: d) Sanskrit


47. Akbar's policy of integrating diverse cultures and traditions was referred to as:

    a) Samriddhi policy

    b) Ekta policy

    c) Sulh-e-Kul

    d) Maitri policy

    

    Answer: c) Sulh-e-Kul


48. Akbar's famous victory over the Gujarat Sultanate marked the beginning of Mughal dominance in which region?

    a) Deccan

    b) Bengal

    c) Northwest India

    d) Central India

    

    Answer: b) Bengal


49. Which famous Mughal monument was built by Akbar to honor his favorite wife, Mariam-uz-Zamani?

    a) Taj Mahal

    b) Jama Masjid

    c) Buland Darwaza

    d) Mariam's Tomb

    

    Answer: d) Mariam's Tomb


50. Akbar's military campaigns against the Afghan tribes in the northwest of India led to the annexation of which region?

    a) Kashmir

    b) Punjab

    c) Sindh

    d) Balochistan

    

    Answer: b) Punjab


51. Akbar's famous historian Abul Fazl was assassinated by his own brother due to political rivalry. What was his brother's name?

    a) Birbal

    b) T


ansen

    c) Faizi

    d) Fazlullah

    

    Answer: c) Faizi


52. Akbar's famous nine-jeweled council included all of the following except:

    a) Birbal

    b) Tansen

    c) Raja Todar Mal

    d) Raja Man Singh

    

    Answer: d) Raja Man Singh


53. Akbar's interest in the arts and sciences led to the establishment of a royal workshop known as:

    a) Karkhana-i-Shahi

    b) Shalimar Bagh

    c) Diwan-i-Khas

    d) Baradari

    

    Answer: a) Karkhana-i-Shahi


54. Akbar's famous military general who played a crucial role in expanding the Mughal Empire was:

    a) Raja Todar Mal

    b) Man Singh

    c) Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    d) Raja Birbal

    

    Answer: b) Man Singh


55. Akbar's famous masterpiece, the "Akbarnama," was written by his court historian:

    a) Birbal

    b) Raja Todar Mal

    c) Abul Fazl

    d) Raja Man Singh

    

    Answer: c) Abul Fazl


56. Akbar's policy of dividing his empire into administrative units known as "sarkars" and "parganas" was aimed at:

    a) Facilitating effective governance and revenue collection

    b) Centralizing power in the hands of the emperor

    c) Encouraging regional autonomy

    d) Promoting trade and commerce

    

    Answer: a) Facilitating effective governance and revenue collection


57. Akbar's famous elephant named "Sudarshan" was known for its:

    a) Strength and size

    b) Speed and agility

    c) Beauty and grace

    d) Ferocity and bravery

    

    Answer: b) Speed and agility


58. Akbar's interest in architecture and city planning is best exemplified by the construction of which city?

    a) Delhi

    b) Agra

    c) Fatehpur Sikri

    d) Lahore

    

    Answer: c) Fatehpur Sikri


59. Which Mughal Emperor succeeded Akbar?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Bahadur Shah Zafar

    

    Answer: a) Jahangir


60. Akbar's famous poet who wrote under the pen name "Khwaja Mir Dard" was:

    a) Kabir

    b) Mirza Ghalib

    c) Tulsidas

    d) Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    

    Answer: d) Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana


61. Akbar's famous city, Fatehpur Sikri, was abandoned due to:

    a) Famine

    b) Political instability

    c) Water scarcity

    d) Military conflicts

    

    Answer: c) Water scarcity


62. Akbar's famous library, Dara Shikoh Library, is located in which city?

    a) Delhi

    b) Agra

    c) Jaipur

    d) Lahore

    

    Answer: a) Delhi


63. Akbar's famous minister, Todar Mal, introduced a revenue system known as:

    a) Zamindari system

    b) Mansabdari system

    c) Jagirdari system

    d) Dahsala system

    

    Answer: d) Dahsala system


64. Akbar's famous queen, Nur Jahan, was the wife of which Mughal Emperor?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Bahadur Shah Zafar

    

    Answer: a) Jahangir


65. Akbar's interest in the study of religions and philosophy was influenced by his teacher:

    a) Sheikh Salim Chishti

    b) Guru Nanak

    c) Ibn Battuta

    d) Abu Bakr Siddiq

    

    Answer: b) Guru Nanak


66. Akbar's famous memoir, "Humayun-nama," was written by his father:

    a) Akbar

    b) Babur

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Aurangzeb

    

    Answer: b) Babur


67. Akbar's famous queen, Jodha Bai, belonged to which Rajput kingdom?

    a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)

    b) Marwar (Jodhpur)

    c) Amber (Jaipur)

    d) Bundi

    

    Answer: c) Amber (Jaipur)


68. Akbar's famous fort, Agra Fort, is situated on the banks of which river?

    a) Yamuna River

    b) Ganges River

    c) Indus River

    d) Beas River

    

    Answer: a) Yamuna River


69. Akbar's famous minister who was known for his intelligence and wit was:

    a) Birbal

    b) Raja Todar Mal

    c) Tansen

    d) Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    

    Answer: a) Birbal


70. Akbar's famous painter, Bichitr, was known for his work in which art form?

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Mural painting

    c) Calligraphy

    d) Sculpture

    

    Answer: a) Miniature painting


71. Akbar's policy of promoting trade and commerce led to the expansion of which market city?

    a) Lahore

    b) Delhi

    c) Agra

    d) Surat

    

    Answer: d) Surat


72. Akbar's famous military general, Raja Man Singh, led the Mughal army in several successful campaigns in which region?

    a) Deccan

    b) Punjab

    c) Gujarat

    d) Bengal

    

    Answer: a) Deccan


73. Akbar's interest in astrology and astronomy led to the construction of which observatory?

    a) Jantar Mantar (Jaipur)

    b) Janaki Mandir (Janakpur)

    c) Jantar Mantar (Delhi)

    d) Jantar Mantar (Ujjain)

    

    Answer: d) Jantar Mantar (Ujjain)


74. Akbar's famous military general, Khan Zaman I, was instrumental in suppressing rebellions in which region?

    a) Punjab

    b) Bengal

    c) Deccan

    d) Sindh

    

    Answer: b) Bengal


75. Akbar's famous architectural masterpiece, the Buland Darwaza, is located in which city?

    a) Agra

    b) Delhi

    c) Jaipur

    d) Fatehpur Sikri

    

    Answer: d) Fatehpur Sikri


76. Akbar's famous queen, Mariam-uz-Zamani, was the mother of which Mughal Emperor?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan


d) Bahadur Shah Zafar


Answer: a) Jahangir


77. Akbar's famous minister, Raja Todar Mal, was known for his expertise in which field?

    a) Literature

    b) Music

    c) Economics

    d) Architecture

    

    Answer: c) Economics


78. Akbar's famous musician, Tansen, was a master of which musical style?

    a) Hindustani classical

    b) Carnatic classical

    c) Qawwali

    d) Ghazal

    

    Answer: a) Hindustani classical


79. Akbar's famous city, Fatehpur Sikri, is known for its architectural marvel called:

    a) Diwan-i-Khas

    b) Panch Mahal

    c) Buland Darwaza

    d) Jodha Bai's Palace

    

    Answer: c) Buland Darwaza


80. Akbar's famous minister, Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana, was a renowned:

    a) Poet

    b) General

    c) Scholar

    d) Diplomat

    

    Answer: a) Poet


81. Akbar's famous queen, Nur Jahan, was known for her patronage of which art form?

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Calligraphy

    c) Mughal architecture

    d) Jewelry making

    

    Answer: a) Miniature painting


82. Akbar's famous queen, Jodha Bai, belonged to which Rajput kingdom?

    a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)

    b) Marwar (Jodhpur)

    c) Amber (Jaipur)

    d) Bundi

    

    Answer: c) Amber (Jaipur)


83. Akbar's famous minister, Birbal, was known for his wit and intelligence. What was his original name?

    a) Raja Todar Mal

    b) Tansen

    c) Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    d) Mahesh Das

    

    Answer: d) Mahesh Das


84. Akbar's famous court musician, Tansen, was an expert in which musical instrument?

    a) Sitar

    b) Tabla

    c) Veena

    d) Sarod

    

    Answer: a) Sitar


85. Akbar's famous city, Fatehpur Sikri, was named after:

    a) His favorite queen

    b) A sacred saint

    c) His son

    d) A historic battle

    

    Answer: b) A sacred saint


86. Akbar's famous queen, Mariam-uz-Zamani, was also known by which other name?

    a) Anarkali

    b) Jodha Bai

    c) Nur Jahan

    d) Mumtaz Mahal

    

    Answer: b) Jodha Bai


87. Akbar's famous advisor, Todar Mal, played a key role in the implementation of which economic reform?

    a) Land revenue system

    b) Trade regulations

    c) Taxation policies

    d) Currency reforms

    

    Answer: a) Land revenue system


88. Akbar's famous city, Agra, is home to which iconic Mughal monument?

    a) Taj Mahal

    b) Red Fort

    c) Jama Masjid

    d) Fatehpur Sikri

    

    Answer: a) Taj Mahal


89. Akbar's famous queen, Nur Jahan, was known for her influence over which Mughal Emperor?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Bahadur Shah Zafar

    

    Answer: a) Jahangir


90. Akbar's famous fort, Agra Fort, is made primarily of which material?

    a) Marble

    b) Sandstone

    c) Limestone

    d) Granite

    

    Answer: b) Sandstone


91. Akbar's famous queen, Jodha Bai, was a member of which Rajput clan?

    a) Rathore

    b) Sisodia

    c) Kachwaha

    d) Chauhan

    

    Answer: c) Kachwaha


92. Akbar's famous city, Fatehpur Sikri, was abandoned due to:

    a) Economic decline

    b) Water scarcity

    c) Political unrest

    d) Natural disasters

    

    Answer: b) Water scarcity


93. Akbar's famous minister, Raja Birbal, was known for his wit and intelligence. What was his original name?

    a) Mahesh Das

    b) Raja Todar Mal

    c) Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    d) Man Singh

    

    Answer: a) Mahesh Das


94. Akbar's famous military general, Raja Man Singh, led the Mughal army in several successful campaigns in which region?

    a) Deccan

    b) Punjab

    c) Gujarat

    d) Bengal

    

    Answer: a) Deccan


95. Akbar's famous city, Fatehpur Sikri, is known for its architectural marvel called:

    a) Diwan-i-Khas

    b) Panch Mahal

    c) Buland Darwaza

    d) Jodha Bai's Palace

    

    Answer: c) Buland Darwaza


96. Akbar's famous queen, Mariam-uz-Zamani, was the mother of which Mughal Emperor?

    a) Jahangir

    b) Aurangzeb

    c) Shah Jahan

    d) Bahadur Shah Zafar

    

    Answer: a) Jahangir


97. Akbar's famous minister, Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana, was a renowned:

    a) Poet

    b) General

    c) Scholar

    d) Diplomat

    

    Answer: a) Poet


98. Akbar's famous queen, Nur Jahan, was known for her patronage of which art form?

    a) Miniature painting

    b) Calligraphy

    c) Mughal architecture

    d) Jewelry making

    

    Answer: d) Jewelry making


99. Akbar's famous queen, Jodha Bai, belonged to which Rajput kingdom?

    a) Mewar (Chittorgarh)

    b) Marwar (Jodhpur)

    c) Amber (Jaipur)

    d) Bundi

    

    Answer: c) Amber (Jaipur)


100. Akbar's famous minister, Birbal, was known for his wit and intelligence. What was his original name?

    a) Raja Todar Mal

    b) Tansen

    c) Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana

    d) Mahesh Das   

    Answer: d) Mahesh Das

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