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What role did women play in the Indian nationalist movement?

What role did women play in the Indian nationalist movement?

Women played a significant role in the Indian nationalist movement. Here are some key points:

Year Event Women's Role
1885 Formation of Indian National Congress (INC) -
1917 Lucknow Pact signed between INC and Muslim League Participation of women in Congress increased and many women's organizations were formed
1919 Rowlatt Act passed by British government Women participated in protests and demonstrations against the Act
1925 Kelkar Committee Report on women's status in India Women's organizations and leaders demanded equal rights and opportunities for women
1930 Salt Satyagraha launched by Mahatma Gandhi Women participated in large numbers and were arrested, imprisoned and beaten by the British police
1947 India gained independence from British rule Many women leaders played important roles in the freedom struggle, and some of them became members of the constituent assembly and the government

1. Political Participation

Women's participation in the nationalist movement was initially limited, but they gradually began to participate in public meetings and processions, and later in civil disobedience campaigns.

2. Formation of Women's Organizations

Women also formed their own organizations, such as the Women's Indian Association and All India Women's Conference, to advocate for women's rights and independence from British rule.

3. Salt Satyagraha

During the Salt Satyagraha, women played a key role in the production and sale of contraband salt, which was a direct challenge to British salt laws.

4. Textile Boycott

Women played a vital role in the textile boycott movement, which called for the use of Indian-made cloth rather than imported British cloth.

5. Women's Education

Women's participation in the nationalist movement also led to increased emphasis on education for women. Several schools and colleges were established specifically for women, providing them with opportunities to gain knowledge and skills to contribute to the independence struggle.

6. Representation

Women's participation in the nationalist movement also led to increased representation in the Indian National Congress and other political organizations. Women were also elected to local councils and municipalities.

Overall, women played a significant role in the Indian nationalist movement, despite facing social, cultural, and political obstacles. Their participation and contributions helped to pave the way for greater gender equality and political representation in post-independence India.

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